Diseases of the Eye
Popeye is a condition where one or both eyes protrude from the fishes’ face. Trauma to the eye may contribute to this, but quite often, tuberculosis or kidney failure are the real cause. Providing an IDEAL environment is the only way to help the fish, medications are of very limited use. If you must try something, medicated food, (home made) could be useful. See the information below about getting a good, probiotic base food, some confectioner’s glaze and some oxolinic acid.
Cloudy Eye is OFTEN caused by a low pH so you should test that. Other causes include bacterial infections. Baths in Tetra Lifeguard are probably worth a try but NORMALLY cloudy eye is from a low pH. (testing low pH) (Fixing low pH)
Eye Knocked Out isn’t uncommon and generally involves removing the rest of the eye. Sometimes a Bubble Eye goldfish loses it’s Sac. It will grow back. In all instances, surgery may be accomplished under “Oil of Cloves” anesthesia and antibiotics to follow up can be employed per the chart following this paragraph.
Goldfish Eye Sac Popped Sometimes a Bubble Eye goldfish loses it’s Sac. It will grow back. In all instances, surgery may be accomplished under “Oil of Cloves” anesthesia and antibiotics to follow up can be employed per the chart following this paragraph.
Bacterial Infections in Koi and Pond Fish
If you can't catch the fish and they have ulcers, consider serial treatments with potassium permanganate. This is especially good in cooler water, has a spectrum against ciliates like Costia and Chilodonella and may even destroy Fluke infestations. Dosing is better described elsewhere. See notes.
If you CAN catch the fish, consider injections of antibiotics for the valuable ones, iodine swabs on open wounds, and then water treatments (See remainder of this table) for uncatchable infected swimmers.
Scrubbing / debriding wounds in Koi depends on being able to "get through" slime and removing dead scales and NONWOVEN gauze is too slick. You need "Woven" gauze. Believe it or not, for HUMAN wounds it's undesirable. So it's CHEAPPPPPP.
Treatment with chloramine-T is potentially dangerous in the case of overdose. Dosing is beyond the scope of fish treatments website. If you're not sure about instructions in Dr Jill Spangenberg's notes, this might not be for you.
Soft rubber tanks
Aeration in the holding / bath tank
In holding, these sponge filters are soft on the Koi faces, (won't pick up eggs or fry) and they provide filtration AND aeration in one unit. They're cost-effective they BIOSEED very quickly. If you're using Lifeguard as a bath, forget bioseeding ha ha ha ha ain't no germ gonna live in the filter. Still, a soft, smushy 'airstone' is necessary.
Oxolinic acid and Naladixic acid are antimicrobials related to the quinolone antibiotics. They're 'forgiving' on dosage when mixed with oil, or other binder to put on food.
There is no contest between all of the above and injections of antibiotics. If the fish are valuable and you want top-notch results, you need to be injecting the fish with legitimate antibiotics from a prescribing veterinarian.